Real Estate Appraisals: A PrimerPurchasing a home can be the largest transaction some could ever encounter. It doesn't matter if it's a main residence, an additional vacation home or an investment, purchasing real property is an involved financial transaction that requires multiple parties to see it through.
The majority of the participants are very familiar. The real estate agent is the most known person in the transaction. Next, the lender provides the financial capital necessary to bankroll the deal. The title company makes sure that all requirements of the exchange are completed and that the title is clear to transfer to the buyer from the seller.
So who's responsible for making sure the value of the property is consistent with the purchase price? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased estimate of what a buyer might expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a property, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional Colorado licensed appraiser from Sara Hillman will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
Appraisals begin with the home inspectionOur first task at Sara Hillman is to inspect the property to ascertain its true status. We must actually see features, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, and so on, to ensure they truly are there and are in the condition a reasonable person would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the property, ensuring the square footage is accurate and conveying the layout of the property. Most importantly, the appraiser looks for any obvious features - or defects - that would affect the value of the house.
Following the inspection, we use two or three approaches when determining the value of the property: a sales comparison, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
Replacement CostThis is where we use information on local construction costs, the cost of labor and other factors to determine how much it would cost to build a property comparable to the one being appraised. This figure usually sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used predictor of value.
Sales ComparisonAppraisers are intimately familiar with the communities in which they work. We innately understand the value of certain features to the people of that area. Then, the appraiser looks up recent transactions in the neighborhood and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the property being appraised. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as fireplaces, room layout, appliance upgrades, additional bathrooms or bedrooms, or quality of construction, we adjust the comparable properties so that they more accurately match the features of subject.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachA third method of valuing approach to value is sometimes employed when a neighborhood has a measurable number of renter occupied properties. In this case, the amount of revenue the property produces is factored in with income produced by similar properties to give an indicator of the current value.
Arriving at a Value ConclusionAnalyzing the data from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to put down an estimated market value for the property in question. The estimate of value at the bottom of the appraisal report is not necessarily what's being paid for the property even though it is likely the best indication of a property's market value It's not uncommon for prices to be driven up or down by extenuating circumstances like the motivation or urgency of a seller or 'bidding wars'. Regardless, the appraised value is often employed as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than they could recover in the event they had to sell the property again. The bottom line is: An appraiser from Sara Hillman will guarantee you get the most fair and balanced property value, so you can make the most informed real estate decisions.